O princípio e o uso da mesa cirúrgica elétrica
An electric surgical table, also known as an operating table or surgical operating table, is a specialized medical device used in surgical procedures to support the patient during surgery. It provides a stable, adjustable, and ergonomic platform for the patient and allows the surgical team to position the patient in various orientations to facilitate the surgical procedure. Here are the principles and common usages of electric surgical tables:
Electrically Powered: Electric surgical tables are motorized and operated using electric controls. This allows for precise and smooth movements of the table, making it easier to position the patient accurately.
Adjustability: Electric surgical tables offer a wide range of adjustable features, including height adjustment, backrest tilt, leg section adjustment, lateral tilt, Trendelenburg (head-down) and reverse Trendelenburg (head-up) positions. These adjustments enable optimal patient positioning for different surgical procedures and provide better access for the surgical team.
Stability and Safety: Surgical tables are designed to provide stability and support to the patient during surgery. They are built with sturdy construction and often have a weight-bearing capacity suitable for various patient sizes. Safety features such as locking mechanisms, side rails, and straps are incorporated to prevent patient movement and minimize the risk of falls or injuries during the procedure.
General Surgery: Electric surgical tables are widely used in general surgery for procedures such as abdominal surgeries, orthopedic surgeries, and gynecological procedures. The tables can be adjusted to accommodate different surgical positions, providing optimal access and visibility for the surgical team.
Neurosurgery: In neurosurgical procedures, precise patient positioning is crucial. Electric surgical tables allow for controlled head positioning, including flexion, extension, and lateral tilt, to ensure the surgeon's access to the surgical site and minimize the risk of complications.
Cardiac Surgery: Electric surgical tables are used in cardiac surgery to support the patient during open-heart procedures, such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and valve replacement. The tables offer flexibility in positioning, allowing the surgeon to optimize access to the heart and blood vessels.
Minimally Invasive Surgery: Electric surgical tables are often used in minimally invasive procedures, such as laparoscopic or robotic surgeries. The tables can be adjusted to optimize patient positioning, ensuring proper alignment with surgical instruments and providing a stable platform for the minimally invasive equipment.
Radiology and Imaging: Electric surgical tables are sometimes utilized in radiology departments for imaging procedures such as fluoroscopy or interventional radiology. The tables can be adjusted to achieve precise positioning for image-guided procedures and to provide patient comfort during prolonged imaging sessions.
It's important to note that specific features and functionalities of electric surgical tables may vary across different models and manufacturers. Surgeons and healthcare professionals should familiarize themselves with the specific operating instructions and capabilities of the surgical table in use to ensure safe and effective patient positioning during surgical procedures.